The apprenticeship system needs to be strengthened


Agder Research has published two reports relating to recruitment experiences and skills development of youth in the Agder region.


12 April 2016

Senior researcher at Agder Research, Elisabet S. Hauge, has written both reports.
– We have been working in parallel with the reports because they in many areas are about the same topic. The first report is seen from a societal perspective, while the other is seen from the youth themselves.

Competence and Recruitment

The project Competence and Recruitment (KOR) is funded by the Aust-Agder region resource center and development funds. The reason is that one can see that it is becoming increasingly important to develop new knowledge within the field of competence boost in their academic career. Researchers have investigated whether the current education system is rigged to tackle tomorrow’s challenges related to both social development and recruitment needs. The report reveals that one must strengthen the apprenticeship system.
– Society’s demand for skilled workers is likely to increase in coming years, and therefore the high dropout rate in vocational subjects of concern, says Hauge.
3 of 10 students choose to quit until they have completed secondary education, and the numbers are higher for vocational subjects. In the Aust-Agder region there is initiated many efforts to get more students through education and training, and there are indications that they have succeeded in this effort. Meanwhile, the need to strengthen the education board to help more young people going up to, and remain, the qualifying examination.
– We also see that it is particularly after two years in school, many people choose to quit. One reason is that many do not get an apprenticeship, the researcher says. These students are offered alternative education schools. This is still far from what the students had imagined, and education is inferior to what apprentices get the training establishments. In the traditional master subjects like carpentry the apprenticeship system has a long tradition, and the apprenticeship scheme is an important recruitment platform for hiring of new workers. Within the health sector is the apprenticeship scheme is relatively new. In the public sector become apprentices often part of a cost, which can be cut to get the municipal budgets to go up. It has serious consequences for young people who seek to learn ling space in the public sector. Many are frustrated of waiting and then applies for other jobs and or choose other education directions.

Other recruitment mechanisms

– In the workplace is more concerned with people’s character, than their school grades, says Hauge. Are you motivated? Reliable? Socially engaged? Do you dare to take responsibility? Are you interested in art? These are qualities that employers look for. Our research shows that there is little cooperation between training establishments and secondary schools. A closer relationship between schools, in training and educational institution can help lift secondary education.

 
Download the report here >>

How is it to be young in Aust-Agder?

Together with his colleague Ingunn Kvamme, Elisabet S. Hauge examined what it means to be young in Aust-Agder today. The aim of the project was to gain a greater insight into young people’s understanding of their own future perspectives in order to get a good adult.
– Young currently experiencing tremendous pressure. One should be happy, pretty, wear nice clothes, do well in school, socialize, have many friends. It is an inexhaustible list of requirements. This is evident in interviews with youth, says Hauge. They exercise, have good health, little involved in crime or drugs. But there are also many other factors that come into play and affect quality of life.
The researcher mentions in connection with the enormous pressure of expectation youth meetings, that two out of three young people who drop out of high school has personal challenges. There are many who have a hard time, but that may not want to show this to the outside world.
– This is a warning sign. Through social media, young people have many more to measure their own success against. And success is often measured against the ideals that are presented in the media.
Compared with the rest of the country’s secondary school students in the Aust Agder region are a little more pleased with the Norwegian society, the local community in which they live, the school they attend, their friends and their parents than young people in general. We also see that high school students in Aust-Agder have fewer everyday problems than youngsters second spot in the country. They also strongly believe that they will get a good and happy adult life.
– Assurance, is a key word, says Elisabeth Hauge. They emphasize safety in friendships, in family relationships, in school. Being comfortable with their friends, classmates and family is seen as key to having, and get, a good life.

 
Download the report here >>